CBD VS THC - Difference Between THC vs CBD oil
Do you know the difference between CBD and THC? Many people don't. Even though products are flooding the market. Confusion remains about how CBD and THC affect the body.
Both compounds come from the same plant but interact differently with our bodies. It is their interaction with our own natural physiology what makes these two cannabinoids so fascinating.
As interest in the potential benefits of cannabinoid products is ever increasing. Two of the 113 different cannabinoid compounds of the cannabis plant rise above the rest in popularity.
While both cannabinoids offer similar benefits, it is essential to understand the difference between CBD and THC.
What Is CBD?
CBD, short for Cannabidiol, is a purified, non-psychoactive compound harvested from the cannabis plant. CBD was first discovered in the 1940s, although historically, the cannabis plant dates back thousands of years.
CBD can be extracted from Hemp or Marijuana but is most commonly derived from Hemp. It has caused a stir in recent years as interest grew in its potential to reduce stress and restlessness while increasing focus and feelings of relaxation.
If stress or lack of sleep affect your day-to-day living, CBD may be the better choice.
Reported Benefits of CBD vary by individual but anecdotally these are
- Feeling of relaxation
- Increased Energy
- Increased Focus
It's important to note that medical clinical studies have yet to support the anecdotal effects of CBD above.
What Is THC?
THC is the psychoactive ingredient cannabis-Delta 9 Tetrahydrocannabinol, most commonly derived from Marijuana.
Both CBD and THC interact with receptors in our brain, which are part of a system called the endocannabinoid system.
The ECS is a communication system of neurotransmitters and receptors regulating many of the body's functions. For instance, pain, moods, memory, and the release of Dopamine.
THC's interaction with these receptors triggers a higher release of Dopamine, causing feelings of euphoria.
THC offers many of the benefits of CBD but with the psychotropic effect. Although similar in effect to CBD, THC is often contained in medical marijuana.
Reported Benefits of THC:
- Euphoria and relaxation,
- Sleep aid,
- Appetite stimulant,
- Muscle relaxant.
Note : THC is a banned substance in many states and can only be prescribed by your medical professional. The reported benefits vary by individual and the research and evidence to substantiate actual benefits is still not readily available.
Choosing Your Product
There are many ways to consume your CBD and THC products; one of the most common is to vape or smoke. However, there are a variety of products on the market for those who prefer other methods.
CBD Products Include:
THC products include:
How Does CBD Feel VS THC
Despite their similarities, CBD and THC, have distinct differences that influence how they interact with the endocannabinoid system.
CB1 and CB2 are two primary receptors within the Endocannabinoid system which respond to cannabis.
THC attaches to CB1 receptors, which affect the brain and spinal cord, which is why the psychoactive effects are more likely, according to Jeffery Raber of California-based cannabis lab.
CBD attaches to CB2 receptors responsible for the circulatory system and affects the rest of the body. People experience the benefits of CBD without the 'high'.
Main Differences between THC and CBD
- Non-psychoactive compound.
- Most commonly derived from Industrial Hemp.
- Partially blocks CB1 and CB2 Receptors.
- Psychoactive Compound
- Derived from marijuana
- Is illegal in many countries
- Classed for recreational use
- Often used as medical marijuana.
- Can cause paranoia
Benefits Of CBD and THC Together
Although THC does have certain benefits that are not achieved through CBD use alone.
Ongoing studies suggest that a combination of high CBD with lower THC levels, result in the combined benefits of both, without any noticeable psychotropic effects from THC.
Many CBD products contain small levels of THC 0.3 %, which does not cause any psychoactive results.
There is research which suggests that the combination of using CBD and THC may have some therapeutic potential.
The studies suggest that using CBD with THC may reduce some of the more adverse effects of THC.
Potentially blocking some of the more damaging effects of regular cannabis use.
Research into the benefits and uses of both cannabinoids is ongoing, and there is some evidence to suggest that CBD may help reduce the craving of opioid addiction.
How To Tell The Difference Between CBD Vs THC Oil
Although THC and CBD are both cannabinoids, as mentioned, they both have fundamental differences. Another of the critical differences, is that THC has psychoactive properties and is not considered legal everywhere.
The confusion between the two oils is often a result of labelling. Labels will usually claim to be Hemp oil or cannabis oil, and although it may seem that they are the same, one is higher in CBD while the other has a higher THC content.
While many CBD products do have small THC quantities, they do not exceed 0.3% in America. Oils high in THC content are still generally considered recreational and illegal in many countries.
Before you decide which product is best for you, check the labels carefully and check your state or country's laws.
CBD VS THC: Side Effects
Research to date suggests that there are few side effects from THC or CBD. However, there may be some side effects from both.
Some side effects may be the result of an adverse reaction to other medications. Again, if you are on prescribed medication, always consult your health practitioner before you begin to take any CBD or THC product.
Legalities: CBD VS THC
Although laws related to cannabis are constantly evolving regarding cannabis. Under federal law, CBD is still considered a Schedule 1 drug.
Similarly, the DEA and FDA still consider Hemp a Schedule 1 drug, even though it has been removed from the controlled substances act.
In states where cannabis is considered legal for medical or recreational purposes, you can access CBD.
If it contains high levels of THC and is considered medical cannabis, it will probably need to be prescribed.
There are over 33 states who have legalized cannabis use, but you should check your state laws before buying any products
There is plenty of information available on the internet proclaiming the benefits of using CBD or THC. While there are many studies to back these claims, much of the research into the full effects of CBD is still in infancy.
If you are considering taking CBD or THC, make sure you research.
Know what effect you want to achieve so you can choose the product that is right for you.
Check with your health practitioner if you are unsure or if you are taking other medication. CBD can interact with medications.
Lack of regulation concerning CBD products means that labelling can be confusing, and therefore it is important that you buy from a company with a reputation for quality and transparency.