Photo credit: Ministry Of Hemp
Both Hemp and Marijuana are considered to be under the same plant species, Cannabis; but are utilized for their different plant properties. They both look and smell very similar, but the three main differences are the Cannabinoid profile, how its cultivated and the type of products that are created from each plant.
What is a Cannabinoid?
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that are found naturally in Cannabis that interact either directly, or indirectly, with receptors found in the Endocannabinoid System. There are over 100 different cannabinoids found in Hemp and Marijuana each having their own unique benefits when consumed. THC is the most well-known cannabinoid which is primarily found in Marijuana which is known to produce a euphoric “high” feeling. As many people are wanting the health benefits and not the high, Hemp might be a better option due to that it is known to contain all the benefits of marijuana but only contains up to 0.3% THC producing zero psychoactive effects.
Hemp might be low in THC but it is better known for CBD. Hemp can contain 5-20% CBD when grown, making it a more viable and legal option when producing CBD rich products. CBD is known to work with your Endocannabinoid System by helping your body regulate several bodily functions bringing your body to homeostasis. CBD is known to help a variety of ailments and conditions without producing any high, making it an appealing option for those looking for only the medicinal properties from Cannabis.
How is it grown?
There are many states jumping on board allowing farmers to plant industrial Hemp in their fields, current regulations require that it be below the 0.3% THC and they are registered with State Department of Agriculture. Even with more farmers coming on board, there is still a lot work that needs to be done for cultivating Hemp.
Compared to Marijuana that is grown indoors, in a controlled environment, Hemp is grown outdoors with varying conditions. It can withstand harsh conditions but needs to be properly cultivated to ensure that farmers do not exceed the 0.3 % THC. Many farmers have been forced to destroy their crop due to harvesting too late causing the THC levels to exceed the legal limit.
What products can be made from Hemp?
Hemp is one of the most versatile plant, being able to produce over 50,000 products including but not limited to medicine, food, clothing and shelter. Now that laws and regulations are finally allowing some states to cultivate Hemp, new and innovated products are coming to the market.
Most CBD products are extracted from the Hemp plant because of the high concentration of CBD making it a more appealing option than Marijuana. By utilizing the Hemp extracts for CBD it is gaining popularity in that they are safe and legal to use by all without any prescription.
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